Frequency and Spectrum of Chromosomal Aberrations, Acrocentric Chromosome Associations Among Long Livers with Arterial Hypertension and Osteoarthritis Residing in the Carpathian Region

Ruslan Kozoviy

Abstract


The frequency and spectrum of chromosomal aberrations, acrocentric chromosome associations among 264 long livers with arterial hypertension and osteoarthritis residing in the Carpathian region were analyzed. The obtained results were compared between patients with arterial hypertension and osteoarthritis, patients with arterial hypertension only, patients with osteoarthritis only and healthy individuals. The indices of the average frequency of chromosomal aberrations in all long livers was as follows: (2.82±0.27) in long livers with arterial hypertension and osteoarthritis and (2.17±0.47) in healthy individuals. In long livers with arterial hypertension and those with osteoarthritis, the frequency of chromosomal aberrations was 1.38 times higher compared to the control group (healthy long livers). The frequency of chromosomal abnormalities in long livers with arterial hypertension and those with osteoarthritis was (2.93±0.09) and (2.64±0.37), respectively.

At the same time, there was observed the individual variability in chromosomal aberration frequency from 0.2 to 5%. In the spectrum of chromosomal aberrations, unstable chromosomal aberrations (dicentrics, rings, fragments) predominated in all long livers. When studying the index of acrocentric chromosome associations there was revealed that the difference in the indices between studied groups was identical to that when studying the frequency of chromosomal aberrations. In long livers with arterial hypertension and osteoarthritis, the index of the average number of acrocentric chromosome associations per cell was 1.07 times higher than that in long livers with arterial hypertension only, 1.32 times higher compared to that in long livers with osteoarthritis only and 1.75 times higher compared to healthy individuals (p<0.05).


Keywords


arterial hypertension; osteoarthritis; long livers; karyotype; chromosomal aberrations; acrocentric chromosome associations

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21802/gmj.2017.1.11

Copyright (c) 2017 Ruslan Kozoviy

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