Dental and Somatic Pathology Comoridity in Children

Oksana Hodovanets, Jurij Pavlov, Ljudmyla Grynkevych, Oleksandr Vitkovskyj

Abstract


The aim of the research is to study the dental status of children with concomitant somatic pathology, to establish the interrelated correlations.

To reach the aim the clinical observation of 460 12-15-year-old children was conducted: I group – children with chronic gastroduodenitis (90 people); II – children with dystonia (100); III – children with chronic diseases of the upper respiratory tract (90 people); IV – children with diabetes type 1 (80), V – children with diffuse nontoxic goiter (100 people). 

Dental status of children was assessed by the indices OHI-S, PMA, CPI, prevalence and intensity of dental caries (DMF - Decayed, Missing, Filled), non-carious lesions of dental hard tissues and dentoalveolar anomalies and deformities. 

Conclusions. The highest intensity and prevalence of dental caries and periodontal tissue diseases is observed in case of gastroenterological pathology (96.7 and 90.0%, respectively). Dental caries complications are often observed in children with diabetes mellitus (62.5%) and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (44.4%). Dentofacial anomalies and deformities mostly occur in children with endocrinopathy (66% approximately). Poor oral hygiene, as well as the percentage of carious and extracted teeth in the DMF index structure indicates the need to improve dental care for these children.

Development of prevention and treatment differentiated methods of children with concomitant somatic and dental pathology is promising.


Keywords


children; dental status; somatic pathology

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21802/gmj.2018.2.14

Copyright (c) 2018 Oksana Hodovanets, Jurij Pavlov, Ljudmyla Grynkevych, Oleksandr Vitkovskyj

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