On Dynamics of Gender-Specific Mortality Among the Population of the Republic of Belarus in the Second Half of the XX – the Beginning of the XXI Centuries

A Romanova, O Krasko


Aim of the study: to evaluate the dynamics and to make a comparative analysis of male and female mortality among the population of Belarus Republic during 1959 – 2015.

Materials and methods. The data on natural population movement in the Republic of Belarus during 1959 – 2015 have been analyzed in the research work. Crude and standardized mortality rates have been calculated using the direct standardization according to the world standard (Standard “World”), approved by WHO. JoinPoint software was used to investigate time trends as well as office suite MSEXCEL 2010.

Results of the study. The minimum values of male and female crude and standardized mortality rates were established in 1964. Throughout the study period, the male population mortality rate grew 1.8-fold (based on crude rates – 2.4-fold), the female population mortality rate – 1.6-fold (based on crude rates – 2.2-fold). During 1985 – 2005, the differences in crude mortality rates among men and women grew 1.2-fold, and during 1962 – 2011, the differences in standardized rates increased 1.8-fold. Since 2003, the mortality rate among men and since 1999, the death rate among women has declined with an annual decrease rate to be more than twice as high as compared to an annual mortality increase registered during its growth.

Conclusion. Since the 1960s, the changes in population age structure of the male and female population affected the crude mortality rates. The male and female mortality growth is due to an increased unfavorable impact of combined environmental factors. The adaptive capacity of women to sustain environmental changes contributed to their later entry into the period of mortality growth, as compared to men. The mortality rate reduction in men since 2003 and the excess of a decrease over an increase rate is associated with a set of state measures aimed at protecting and strengthening the public health in the republic.


mortality; gender-specific mortality; mortality trends

Full Text:



Horev BS, Volinskaya BN, Danilova IA, Moiseenko VM, Smidovich SG, Burtseva SA, Iskakov BI, Porosenkov YuV, Grishanova AG, Ahmetov RSh, Nesterov AV, Gladkova II, Bezdenezhnih VA. Placement of the population in the USSR: the regional aspect of the dynamics and population policies. Mysl. 1986: 221.

Bogomolya IM. Urbanization process in BSSR in 20-30s of XX century. Vests? BDPU. Seriya 2. 2015; 2:66-69.

Shahotko LP. Demographic development of the Republic of Belarus: problems, their causes, solutions. Problems of public health and Public Health Care of the Republic of Belarus. Materialy konferentsii, 16 Dec. 2004. Minsk. 63-68.

Glinskaya TN, Schaveleva MV, Gulitskaya NI. Peculiarities of the demographic situation formation in the Republic of Belarus. Analysis and assessment of the effectiveness of management decisions in modern health care. Materialiy konferentsii; 22 Oct. 2009. Minsk. 113-116.

Schaveleva MV. Medical and demographic problems of rural population. ARS medica. Iskusstvo meditsini. 2011; 10:99-105.

Zayats VI. Mortality – is the most important demographic indicator. Achievements of fundamental, clinical medicine and pharmacy. Materiali 63 nauch. sessii un-ta, 26-27 March 2008. Vitebsk. 410-412.

Romanenkov AS., Gulitskaya NI, Lomat LN. Tendencies of Mortality of the Population of the Republic of Belarus. Voprosy organizatsii i informatizatsii zdravookhraneniya. 2003; 4:10-15.

Burachevskaya EV, Vanilovich IA, Kudelka DN, Leshkovich LF, Rubanova EA, Shakhotko DV. Tendencies of morbidity, mortality and life expectancy of the population of the Republic of Belarus. Minsk: NII statistiki. 2003; 249.

Valchuk EA, Gulitskaya NI, Tsaruk FP. Fundamentals of organizational and methodological service and statistical analysis in health care. Urozhay. 2007; 398.

Antipov VV, Antipova SI. Medico-demographic characteristics of the epidemiological transition in Belarus. Meditsinskie novosti. 2014; 3:26-31.

Kalinani TV. Mortality as a key public health care problem. Meditsina. 2009; 4:4-8.

Piliptsevich NN, Lomat LN. Materials of IV Congress of social hygienists and organizers of healthcare of the Republic of Belarus. Materialy IV syezda sotsial-gigienistov i organizatorov zdravoohraneniya Respubliki Belarus, 30 Nov-1 Dec. 2000. Minsk. 187-188.

Shahotko LP. Mortality as a type of demographic security of the Republic of Belarus. Voprosy statistiki. 2006; 8:18-24.

Rubin YaI. The current demographic problem in Belarus. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya. 2009; 2:46-51.

Antipov VV. The dynamics of mortality in the Republic of Belarus. Analysis and assessment of the effectiveness of management decisions in modern health care. Materialy Respublikanskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii organizatorov zdravoohraneniya Respubliki Belarus. Minsk, 22 October 2009. Minsk. 101-105.

On approval of the State Program "People's Health and Demographic Security of the Republic of Belarus" for 2016-2020 [Elektronnyy resurs] : postanovlenie Soveta Ministrov Resp. Belarus, 14 March 2016, ? 200. Konsultant Plyus Belarus / «YurSpektr» Ltd., Nats. tsentr pravovoy inform. Resp. Belarus. Minsk. 2016.

Ahmad OB et al. Age standardization of rates: a new WHO standard. Geneva: World Health Organization. GPE Discussion Paper Series. 2001; 31:14.

Joinpoint Regression Program, Version - April 2016; Statistical Methodology and Applications Branch, Surveillance Research Program, National Cancer Institute. Comparing Two Joinpoint Regression Lines.

Comparing Two Joinpoint Regression Lines Kim H-J, Fay MP., Yu, Binbing, Barrett MJ, Feuer EJ. Comparability of segmented line regression models, Biometrics 60. 2004; 1005-1014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0006-341X.2004.00256.x [PMid:15606421]

Clegg LX, Hankey BF, Tiwari R, Feuer EJ, Edwards BK. Estimating average annual percent change in trend analysis. StatMed 2009; 28(29):3670–3682. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.3733

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21802/gmj.2017.3.2

Copyright (c) 2017 A Romanova, O Krasko

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Free counters!