Cover Image

Study of psycho-emotional state of patients with acne depending on the severity and hereditary factors

Anastasiia Petrenko, Oleksander Litus

Abstract


Acne is one of the most common skin disease in young adults and occurs in 85% of boys and girls. The disease is characterized by progressive course of the formation of psycho-emotional disorders, mainly depression row in about half of patients. Installed heredity is almost 80% of first-degree relatives of patients with acne. In patients with positive family history of acne the disease occurs earlier and course harder. The aim of the study – is to determine the impact of acne on psycho-emotional status in patients.

Materials and methods. We examined 78 patients with severe and moderate acne. All patients were questioned by questionnaire CADI (Cardiff Acne Disability Index).
Results. Among the surveyed men with moderate acne average value was 6, median – 6, mode – 6; in men with severe acne course average value was 8.6, median – 9.5, mode – 10. Among women surveyed the results of the form were somewhat different from data that were shown by male patients. Women with moderate acne had average value 7 points, the median – 7.5 mode – 8; among women who had severe acne course the average value was – 8, median – 9.

Conclusions. As can be seen from the results of the questionnaire, respondents in all groups were shown a significant effect of disease on the psycho-emotional state of patients. 


Keywords


acne; psycho-emotional state; CADI; a genetic predisposition

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adaskevich VP. Acne: vulgaris and rosacea. Meditsinskaya kniga. Izdatelstvo NGMA. 2005; 35-37.

Samtsov AV. Acne i acneiform dermatosis. YUTKOM. 2009: 288.

Tsepkolenko VA, MavrovaDI. Modern approach to the pathogenesis and treatment of acne. Dermat Venerol. 2007; 4(38): 41-44.

Bhate KW, Williams HC. Epidemiology of acne vulgaris. 2013; 168(3): 474-483.

Dreno B, Alirezai M, Auffret N, Beylot C, Chivot M et al. Clinical and psychological correlation in acne: use of the ECLA and CADI scales. Ann Dermatol. 2007; 134: 451-455. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0151-9638(07)89212-X

Karciauskiene J, Valiukeviciene S, Gollnick H, Stang A. The prevalence and risk factors of adolescent acne among schoolchildren in Lithuania: a cross-sectional study. 2014; 28: 733-740. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/jdv.12160.

Magin PJ, Pond CD, Smith WT, Watson AB, Goode SM. A cross-sectional study of psychological morbidity in patients with acne, psoriasis and atopic dermatitis in specialist dermatology and general practices. JEADV. 2008; 22: 1435-1444. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-3083.2008.02890.x.

Makrantonaki E, Gancenviciene R, Zouboulis CC. An update on the role of the sebaceous gland in the pathogenesis of acne. Dermatoendocrinol. 2011; 3: 41-40. doi: https://doi.org/10.4161/derm.3.1.13900.

Management of acne/ A report from Global Alliance to improve outcomes in acne. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003; 49: 1-38.

Misery L. Consequences of psychological distress in adolescents with acne. J Invest Dermatol. 2011; 131(2): 290-292. doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/jid.2010.375

Plewig G, Kligman AM. Acne and rosacea. 3st ed. Berlin, Springer, 2000. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-59715-2

Rehn LMH, Meririne E., Hook-Nikanne J., Isometsa E., Henriksson M. Depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation and acne: a study of male Finnish conscripts. JEADV. 2008; 22: 561-567. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-3083.2007.02514.x

Shalita AR, Del Rosso JQ, Webster GF. Acne vulgaris. Informa Healthcare. 2011; 1-228. doi: https://doi.org/10.3109/9781616310097




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21802/gmj.2017.2.7

Copyright (c) 2017 Anastasiia Petrenko, Oleksander Litus

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


IFNMU Logo

Free counters!