Selection of Treatment Techniques for Lower Extremity Varicose Vein Disease
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Keywords

lower extremity varicose vein disease
treatment technique
endovascular surgery

Abstract

The article deals with available literature analysis, as well as authors’ own clinical observations concerning treatment of varicose vein disease. The article presents traditional surgery and endovascular methods of treatment and emphasizes that no technique has been recognized as universally applicable. The issue of reducing postoperative trauma, as well as shortening hospitalization and rehabilitation periods remains topical. Vein removal or any other way of excluding it from blood circulation has to be aimed only at areas with abnormalities in the area with venous reflux confirmed by ultrasonography. Such approach enables preserving autograft, indispensable in cardiovascular surgery. Nowadays, classical combined phlebectomy is replaced by endovascular techniques. The reason is that it is less traumatic, has a good aesthetic effect and a shorter rehabilitation period. Laser coagulation proves to become a priority trend in treating varicose vein disease, as an instrument of so-called “office surgery” when patients can leave the medical center on their own and proceed with their usual activities in a short time. All known treatment techniques should not be considered as rivals. Combination of various treatment techniques with consideration to their peculiarities makes it possible to achieve better clinic results than when aiming at a single technique. The main criterion to choose a treatment technique is preoperative vascular ultrasonography, which determines anatomic and morphological peculiarities of varicose vein disease, special features of hemodynamic disorders and helps select an optimal treatment option.
https://doi.org/10.21802/gmj.2016.3.36
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