Analysis of the Epidemiological Situation of HIV/AIDS among the Population of Ivano-Frankivsk Region and Ukraine in Dynamics over 2008-2014
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Keywords

HIV infection
AIDS
prevalence
incidence
epidemiology

Abstract

The data from statistical reports of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine were analyzed in the dynamics over 2008-2014 in order to study the epidemiological situation of HIV/AIDS among the population of the Ivano-Frankivsk region compared to the rest of Ukraine. The incidence of HIV/AIDS and AIDS mortality in Ivano-Frankivsk region was established to be lower than in Ukraine in general. However, the growth rates of these indicators were considerably higher determining poor prognosis for the future. HIV infection was detected to be more spread among male and urban residents. However, higher growth rate of the indices among women, especially rural residents, allow to develop a hypothesis that the formation of the peculiarities may be affected by the late detection of pathologies due to lower access (territorial, cultural, functional, etc.) to specialized medical care. HIV/AIDS was shown to affect almost definitely people of reproductive age. At the same time, a significant spread of HIV (»20% by the prevalence and 12% by the incidence) among teenagers and young people (15-24 years) on the background of steadily growing predominant sexual transmission (»60-70% in 2014) indicate the needs to mark this cohort as target population for primary prevention of disease through correction of their risk behavior.
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