Morphological Features of the Cerebellar Nuclei

D. M. Shyian

Abstract


Modern neurological clinic, as well as neurosurgery and neuromorphology, constantly require further research of the morphological structure of the cerebellar nuclei. The study of clinical anatomy of the cerebellar nuclei, as well as their functional characteristics is necessary for clinicians to elaborate rational surgical access to these structures and determine the localization of pathological processes in the cerebellar nuclei, etc. The objective of the research was to establish the morphological characteristics of the cerebellar nuclei. The study was performed on 340 specimens of human cerebellum using traditional and modern morphological research methods such as: macroscopic, macro-microscopic, morphometric, histotopographical, histological (hematoxylin-eosin, by Krutsay, by Pat. 65245 Ukraine, methods of nerve fibers staining of histological specimen) and statistical analyses. The morphological features of the human cerebellar nuclei were established. Namely, on the series of sections of the cerebellum in the horizontal, frontal and sagittal planes, as well as on the macro-microscopic preparations of the cerebellar nuclei location, their relative position, shape, linear dimensions, weight and volume were described. The features of macro-microscopic and histological structures of the cerebellar nuclei were made. 


Keywords


nucleus; the cerebellum; macro-microscopic

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