Study of the Intensity and Pathogenesis of Dentofacial Deformities in Patients with Denture Defects

A. V. Kovalyuk, Z. R. Ozhohan


The objective of the research was to increase the efficiency of diagnosis and prevention of dentofacial deformities studying the intensity of their development and mechanisms of pathogenesis. Materials and methods. The results of clinical examination of 80 patients of different age groups (20 - 59 years) with different types of dentition deformities are presented in the article.

Results. Objective study showed a high degree of deformation development, which arose in half of the cases in patients with existing denture defects. Some factors that influence quick displacement of the tooth were established. Some of them were the patient’s age (the rapid development of secondary deformities is particularly common in young adults), trophic level of the teeth that were deformable or surrounded the area of displacement (displacement of devitalized teeth occurs 40% more often than displacement of teeth that are innervated and supplied with blood) and features of  tooth loss (the risk of development of secondary deformities after radical surgical intervention in early periods is 33% higher than the same risk after typical type of teeth removal). Radiological diagnosis made it possible to establish dependence of periodontium status on the intensity of the development of dentofacial deformities.

Conclusions. The obtained results allow to develop methods of preventing the development of secondary deformities



orthopedic treatment; dentition deformities; periodontium

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Copyright (c) 2017 A. V. Kovalyuk, Z. R. Ozhohan

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