The Study of Developmental Mechanisms and Clinical Features of Secondary Deformations in Patients with Denture Defects

A. V. Kovaliuk, Z. R. Ozhohan


The objective of the research was to increase the prevention efficiency of the secondary dentoalveolar deformations based on the characteristics of their pathogenesis and clinical course. Materials and methods. The results of clinical examination of 120 patients of different age groups (from 30 to 59 years) concerning the characteristics of the types of the secondary dentition deformities are presented in the article. Results. Objective study showed a high degree of deformation development, which arose in half of the cases in patients with existing denture defects. Some factors that influence the type of the secondary deformities and the direction of their development were established. They were the effect of the lost tooth on effective transmission of chewing pressure through the maxillary counterforts (the direction of tooth displacement in case of the secondary deformity was directly opposite to direction of counterforts) and trophic level of the teeth that were deformable or surrounded the area of displacement (displacement of devitalized teeth occurred 30% more often than displacement of teeth that were innervated and supplied with blood). Radiological diagnosis made it possible to evaluate periodontal changes in case of the secondary deformities, which were characterized by changes in fibers tension of the tooth attachment apparatus. Conclusions. The obtained results made it possible to prevent any deformity using the early prosthetic repair.

Keywords: orthopedic treatment, dentition deformation, periodontium

Full Text:



Doroshenko S.I., Mirza A.I., Zavyalova T.S. Prevention of the secondary deformation in early removal of deciduous molars. Kiyev. 2009; 2: 140–141.

Drohomyretska M.S., Myrchuk B.M., Dienha O.V. Loss of permanent teeth and the prevalence of teeth deformations in adults. Medychni perspektyvy. Dnipropetrovsk. 2010; 10(1): 68–75.

Zolotareva Yu.B., Husyeva I.Ye. Influence of occlusal disorders on the course of the inflammatory process in the periodontal tissues. Stomatolohiia. Moskva. 2001; 80 (4): 21–23.

Mannanova F.F., Iskhakov I.R., Kalyakin S.N. Diagnosis of occlusal-articulation disorders using modern technology in case of dentiture defects. Sbornik statey nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii stomatologov respubliki. Ufа. 2010; 134–136.

Petrenko R.V. Assessment of dental system with direct and early denture treatment. Ukraiinskyi stomatolohichnyi almanakh. Poltava. 2010; 4: 59–62.

Korol М.D., Holovko N.V., Korobieinikov L.S. Comparative characteristics of morphological and functional changes in patients with the secondary dentition deformities before and after treatment. Visnyk problem biolohii і medytsyny. Poltava. 2006; 2: 407–410.

Copyright (c) 2017 A. V. Kovaliuk, Z. R. Ozhohan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Free counters!