Diagnosis and treatment of patients with complaints of the “lump in the throat” remain a complex multidisciplinary problem. This is due to the polyetiology of factors causing similar symptoms and an empirical approach to the treatment. “Lump in the throat” is one of the clinical manifestations of upper respiratory tract paresthesia. According to the literature data, there is the reason for referral to an otolaryngologist in 4.1 to 5.0% of cases.
The objective of the research was to optimize and improve the diagnosis and pathogenetic approach to the “lump in the throat” treatment.
Materials and Methods. To achieve the specified objective, a comprehensive examination of 38 patients who sought an otolaryngologist’s medical advice, complaining of a “lump in the throat” at the age of 18-45 years (26 women and 12 men), was performed. For the purpose of optimal diagnostics, general clinical examination, examination of ENT organs, endoscopic examination of the nasal cavity and nasopharynx, microlaryngoscopy were performed; the condition of patients’ psycho-emotional status was assessed (consultation of psychologist and psychiatrist).
Results. A comprehensive clinical study of 38 patients with complaints of the “lump in the throat” at the age of 18-45 years was performed. Psychosomatic disorders were detected in 26 patients; ENT organ diseases were present in 12 patients. All patients received treatment depending on the diagnosed somatic, otorhinolaryngological and psychosomatic pathology.
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