Pseudarthrosis of the Carpal Scaphoid Treated with Non-Vascularized Corticocancellous Bone Graft
AbstractObjectives: To carry out an epidemiological study and to assess the evolutionary profile of patients with scaphoid non-union treated by anterior non-vascularized corticocancellous bone graft. Introduction: The non-union is a serious complication of carpal scaphoid fractures. Untreated, it leads to instability and osteoarthritis of the carp. The most used technique is that of Matti-Russe employing a corticocancellous graft. Materials and methods: We report in this retrospective study the experience of the department of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology II, Mohamed V Military Hospital, Rabat, in the treatment of non-unions of the carpal scaphoid by anterior non-vascularized corticocancellous graft in nine cases collected between January 2012 and March 2016. We identified six cases of stage IIA and three cases of stage IIB. All our patients were operated by the Matti-Russian technique followed by an immobilization by plaster cast cuff on three months. Results: All our patients achieved a union within an average of three months. The Mayo Wrist score was excellent in 66.6% of cases. Our results were very satisfying in 90% of cases, satisfying in 10%. Conclusion: The treatment of non-unions of the carpal scaphoid without necrosis or osteoarthritis, using anterior non-vascularized bone graft remains the most widely used technique. The presence of initial instability is a factor of poor prognosis, its correction reduces the risk of arthritis.
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