Specific Characteristics of Bioelectric Activity of the Brain in Women with Placental Dysfunction Considering the Type of Psychological Component of Gestation Dominant

  • Nataliya Henyk Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine
  • Nataliya Yakumchuk IFRPC
Keywords: autonomic nervous system, psychological component of gestation dominant, placental dysfunction, electroencephalography

Abstract

 The study of the influence of the autonomic nervous system on the course of pregnancy, childbirth and fetal state remains relevant. Changes in the parameters of electroencephalography may be detected long before the onset of clinical symptoms in the complicated course of pregnancy.  The objective of the research was to evaluate electroencephalography in women with placental dysfunction and gestational complications taking into account the type of psychological component of gestation dominant.  Materials and methods. Electroencephalography was performed in 60 pregnant women at the age of 19 to 45 years with gestational hypertension and fetal distress during pregnancy. The main group included 40 patients, who were stratified according to the type of psychological component of gestation dominant: 10 patients with euphoric type, 20 pregnant women with anxious and depressive type, 10 patients with hypogestognostic type. The comparison group comprised 20 patients with optimal type of psychological component of gestation dominant and normal course of the first half of pregnancy. The assessment of psychological component of gestation dominant was carried out according to the method proposed by Dobriakov I.V. - "Pregnant woman attitude test". Registrations, spectral and coherent analysis of electroencephalography were performed using BrainTest-24 hardware and software complex.  \textbf{Results and discussion. }Electroencephalography of the patients of the comparison group was in line with current concepts regarding the physiological norm. In the main group, there were the following changes in electroencephalography: non-sinusoidal forms of alpha-oscillations (77.5%), high index of fast rhythms, flashes of spike waves under load, disturbances of the frontal occipital gradient with the focus on the anterior sections of the hemispheres.  Conclusions. The use of electroencephalography in women with different types of psychological component of gestation dominant in case of progressive placental dysfunction and preeclampsia on its background allows identifying characteristic changes, modifying the program of therapeutic measures, differentiating obstetric tactics and terms of delivery.

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Published
2018-12-03
Section
Original Research