Differentiated Antiplatelet and Hepatoprotective Therapy in Patients with Stable Coronary Heart Disease on the Background of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Stage of Steatosis
AbstractThe objective of the research was to evaluate the effectiveness of long-term antiplatelet and hepatoprotective differentiation therapy in patients with postinfarction cardiosclerosis and co-existent non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in stage of steatosis.Materials and methods. There were examined 72 patients with stable coronary heart disease functional classes II-III and co-existent non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in stage of steatosis. All the patients underwent a complete clinical examination; the functional state of their liver and platelet haemostasis were assessed. All patients received standard therapy the effectiveness of which was assessed 3 and 6 months after treatment.Results. The effectiveness of antiplatelet therapy was found to depend on treatment duration, the functional state of the liver and the scheme of antiplatelet and hepatoprotective differentiation therapy. In particular, 6 months after treatment, a positive dynamics of platelet haemostasis was observed in all the patients of Group I. However, the target value of its indicators was achieved in 60.5% of patients. In Group II, the target level of platelet aggregation activity was achieved in 38.3% of patients. The level of liver enzymes was within the control limits in 52.8% of patients. In 47.2% of patients, however, an increase in their level was observed, which necessitated the administration of appropriate hepatoprotective therapy.Conclusions. The developed concept of differentiation treatment of patients with coronary heart disease and co-existent non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in stage of steatosis envisages the need for monitoring the indicators of platelet haemostasis and liver function every three months after the administration of antiplatelet therapy with the possibility of its intensification and the inclusion of hepatoprotective drugs.
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