The State of the Hemomycocirculatory Bed of Adventitia of Varicose Veins of the Small Pelvis in Women with Chronic Inflammatory Diseases of the Internal Genital Organs

Natalya Drohomyretska

Abstract


Hemomicrocirculatory system – is a complex structure that reacts in every pathological process even before the clinical period and takes the first blow. The study of microhemocirculation will provide an opportunity to solve the important for practical medicine questions of pathogenesis of many diseases, as for the prevention and treatment of regional disorders of blood circulation.

The objective of the research is to study the state of the hemomicrocirculatory bed (HMCB) of adventitia of varicose veins of the small pelvis (VVSP) in women with chronic inflammatory processes of the organs of the small pelvis (CIPOSP).

Materials and methods of research. To evaluate the restructuring of the HMCB of adventitia of VVSP, the operating material of 12 women of reproductive age was used. Mainly, there were pieces of the ovarian vein. The study of the HMCB in the vein wall was performed by the non-injecting method of silver impregnation according to V.V. Kupriyanov. To standardize the results, the condition of the HMCB of adventitia of the venous wall in norm was studied in 5 women of reproductive age, who died as a result of various traumas.

Results of the research. After the performed studies, the structural-morphological changes of the HMCB of the adventitia of the small pelvis veins were revealed. The dilation of capillaries, postcapillaries, postcapillary venules was observed. The diameter of the vessels of the HMCB of the ovarian vein adventitia was: venule – 94.21 ± 1.38 μM in comparison with the norm – 48.78 ± 1.60 μM (p<0.001); post-capillary venules – 46.76 ± 1.04 μM in comparison with the norm – 28.29 ± 1.1.01 μM (p<0.001); the capillaries were 11.22 ± 0.14 μM in comparison with the norm – 8.24 ± 0.16 μM (p<0.05), arterioles – 29.02 ± 0.76 μM in comparison with the norm – 25.19 ± 1.15 μM (p<0.01). The architectonics of the arterioles is almost unchanged. Lumen of venules is filled with formed elements. The structure of capillaries is polymorphic. The capillary net was localized and concentrated or was formed as a thick planar net, the capillaries were expanded. There were arterio-venulous anastomoses. Endothelial nuclei are shortened. In some preparations, the diameter of the arterioles corresponded to the diameter of the collection venules.  

Conclusions:

1. The first discovered by us changes in HMCB of adventitia of varicose veins of the small pelvis in women with CIPOSP can be one of the pathogenetic links of the development and progression of the varicose vein itself, which in turn aggravates the course of chronic inflammation.      

2. The timely appointment of drugs that improve microcirculation will enable to prevent the development of dystrophic changes in the vein wall, improve the course of chronic inflammatory processes and reduce or completely eliminate the syndrome of “chronic pelvic pain”.


Keywords


hemomicrocirculatory bed; adventitia; varicose veins of the small pelvis; chronic inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21802/acm.2017.2.6

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