Substantiation of Initial-I Stage of Generalized Periodontitis Complex Treatment Choice Among Medical University Students According to Indicators’ Dynamics Changes of Oral Cavity Prooxidant-antioxidant System

  • Tetiana Pavliuk Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University
  • Mykola Rozhko Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University
  • Oksana Panchak Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University
Keywords: generalized periodontitis, prooxidant-antioxidant system, oxidative stress, medical students

Abstract

According to the results of epidemiological studies, the spread of periodontal tissue diseases has tendency to increase, despite recent decades’ significant achievements in dentistry. Studies of periodontal tissue diseases pathogenesis have found that oxygen-dependent production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidant activity are involved in the pathogenic mechanism of the disease. ROS are highly toxic and can induce lipid peroxidation (LPO). Researchers have shown increased levels of LPO with generalized periodontitis (GP). "Noofen" is one of the drugs that normalizes the processes of LPO and shows positive effect in GP treatment. That is why in advanced complex treatment of generalized periodontitis of initial-I stage, we’ve used this pill. The objective of the study was to analyze the efficiency of nootropic medicine "Noofen" usage in suggested initial-I stage of generalized periodontitis treatment, taking into account the dynamics of oral fluid prooxidant and antioxidant indicators among students with high level of emotional sensitivity. Materials and methods. A study of 2nd year students (174) of Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University were questioned in order to determine the level of individual emotional states (anxiety, frustration, aggression and rigidity) according to the method of H. Eysenck. Of those who have experienced increased and high level of emotional sensitivity to various stressors and situations, we have selected 50 students with initial-I stage of generalized periodontitis. To determine the efficiency of treatment, two groups were formed: observation (group I) and comparison (group II). Each group consisted of 25 individuals who were treated and monitored dynamically during the year. The condition of oral cavity prooxidant system was determined by the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) and diene conjugates (DC). To study the state of the antioxidant protection system, the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione-S-transferase (G-ST) and glutathione peroxidase (GPO) were determined. The advanced treatment, which included oral rinsing with "Octenisept" solution, dissolving of tablets "Lizak", intake of  medicine "Noofen" and vitamin-microelement complex "Vita-Supradin Active". Conclusions. The results of the performed treatment indicate that the use of advanced therapy of GP is significantly more effective, confirmed by prooxidant-antioxidant system parameters of oral fluid in the long term, compared with traditional treatment.

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Published
2019-12-28
Section
Original Research